Agriculture & Aquaculture
Agriculture is by far the single most important economic activity in Africa. It provides employment for about two-thirds of the continent’s working population and for each country contributes an average of 30 to 60 percent of gross domestic product and about 30 percent of the value of exports.
Nonetheless, arable land and land under permanent crops occupy only about 6 percent of Africa’s total land area.
Fish farming is a good option to raise nutrition and self-sufficiency in Africa. However, around 90% of farmed fish come from Asia, with Sub-Saharan Africa accounting for less than 1% of the global production.
Limited production in Africa is not due to limited consumption. Fish is already an important part of people’s diet in Africa, with countries like Sierra Leone relying on fish for 2/3 of their animal protein consumption. But local production is lagging behind consumption. The African continent has been experiencing a seafood deficit since 2001 and this deficit has been growing by 13% every year. These figures demonstrate that increasing production of farmed fish would find a ripe market in the continent, in addition to generating both direct and indirect jobs.